(Nerd) How to: Reconfigure SSH listening port on Ubuntu 9.10

1) Make sure that you have have ssh installed on your system.

sudo apt-get install openssh-server openssh-client

2) Open the sshd_config file using VI

sudo vi /etc/ssh/sshd_config

3) Here is the file in its entirety that was created by the installation process

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# Package generated configuration file
# See the sshd(8) manpage for details
 
# What ports, IPs and protocols we listen for
Port 22
# Use these options to restrict which interfaces/protocols sshd will bind to
#ListenAddress ::
#ListenAddress 0.0.0.0
Protocol 2
# HostKeys for protocol version 2
HostKey /etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key
HostKey /etc/ssh/ssh_host_dsa_key
#Privilege Separation is turned on for security
UsePrivilegeSeparation yes
 
# Lifetime and size of ephemeral version 1 server key
KeyRegenerationInterval 3600
ServerKeyBits 768
 
# Logging
SyslogFacility AUTH
LogLevel INFO
 
# Authentication:
LoginGraceTime 120
PermitRootLogin yes
StrictModes yes
 
RSAAuthentication yes
PubkeyAuthentication yes
#AuthorizedKeysFile	%h/.ssh/authorized_keys
 
# Don't read the user's ~/.rhosts and ~/.shosts files
IgnoreRhosts yes
# For this to work you will also need host keys in /etc/ssh_known_hosts
RhostsRSAAuthentication no
# similar for protocol version 2
HostbasedAuthentication no
# Uncomment if you don't trust ~/.ssh/known_hosts for RhostsRSAAuthentication
#IgnoreUserKnownHosts yes
 
# To enable empty passwords, change to yes (NOT RECOMMENDED)
PermitEmptyPasswords no
 
# Change to yes to enable challenge-response passwords (beware issues with
# some PAM modules and threads)
ChallengeResponseAuthentication no
 
# Change to no to disable tunnelled clear text passwords
#PasswordAuthentication yes
 
# Kerberos options
#KerberosAuthentication no
#KerberosGetAFSToken no
#KerberosOrLocalPasswd yes
#KerberosTicketCleanup yes
 
# GSSAPI options
#GSSAPIAuthentication no
#GSSAPICleanupCredentials yes
 
X11Forwarding yes
X11DisplayOffset 10
PrintMotd no
PrintLastLog yes
TCPKeepAlive yes
#UseLogin no
 
#MaxStartups 10:30:60
#Banner /etc/issue.net
 
# Allow client to pass locale environment variables
AcceptEnv LANG LC_*
 
Subsystem sftp /usr/lib/openssh/sftp-server
 
UsePAM yes

4) But we are mainly concerned with this part right here

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# Package generated configuration file
# See the sshd(8) manpage for details
 
# What ports, IPs and protocols we listen for
Port 22
 
...

5) Change the default port that is currently 22, to a non standard port. I changed mine to 22999

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# Package generated configuration file
# See the sshd(8) manpage for details
 
# What ports, IPs and protocols we listen for
Port 22999
 
...

6) Write/Quite so that you can save the changes to the file.

7) Now, all we have to do is restart the ssh daemon and it will listen from the new port.

sudo /etc/init.d/ssh restart

8 ) Finally, from another linux (or whatever OS you prefer) box, use the SSH client and login to your newly reconfigured server. Make sure to change the port using the ‘-p’ flag.

Example: ssh YOUR_USERNAME@IP_ADDRESS_OF_SERVER -p 22999

ssh jaredfolkins@192.168.1.107 -p 22999